Location: Central Europe, on the Baltic Sea coast
Borders: (N) Russia – Kaliningrad Oblast, (N-E) Lithuania, (E) Ukraine and Belarus, (S) Czech Republic and Slovakia, (W) Germany
Capital city: Warsaw with population of 1,729,119
Other major cities: Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk
Area: 312,679 km² In terms of area, Poland is the 9th largest country in Europe and 70th in the world.
Population density: 38,161 (123 persons per km²). In terms of population, Poland is the 6th country in Europe and 34th in the world.
Ethnic groups: Poles 97.09%
Official language: Polish
Time zone: GMT+01:00
Currency: Polish zloty (PLN)
Political system: parliamentary republic
Head of the state: President Andrzej Duda
International relations: Schengen (2007), EU (2004), NATO (1999), OECD (1996), WTO (1995), UN (1945)
Human Development Index (2014): 35th position among 182 countries
Quality of Life Index (2014): 33rd position among 195 countries
Index of Economic Freedom (2014): 74th position among 178 countries
The hottest month: July (27°C), the coldest month: December (-10°C)
Distance between N and S – 649 km, between E and W – 689 km
Length of borders: 3511 km, coastline: 440 km
N – the Baltic Sea. S – mountain ranges: the Sudetes and the Carpathians.
Forests cover 29.2% of the country’s area.